Weight loss surgery has taken on several new approaches, all of them less invasive and with less downtime and potential for nutritional deficits than the older procedures. Even so, it is important to remember that bariatric surgery is the beginning of a process and not a quick-fix for obesity.
Lap band surgery
Most people will lose weight within the first year after lap band surgery, but some people actually began gaining weight again after the first year.
How is that possible?
Weight gain is precipitated by the eating of fatty foods and lack of movement. Ice cream, small fatty meals and high-calorie drinks will put weight on, even if a lap band restricts the amount of food that can be eaten.
A bariatric surgical procedure is designed to assist weight loss by restricting the stomach and giving a full feeling. Proceeding upon that premise, a person must restrict calories and consume an entirely different diet than the previous, failed method of consumption. The diet must be rich in nutrients, such as vegetables, and high in protein, such as lean meats.
An exercise program is mandatory. A program means that every day a person follows an exercise routine and builds upon it to progress in strength and fitness.
Gastric sleeve surgery
A bariatric sleeve surgery requires from four to six weeks to heal. The surgeon creates a small stomach pouch, or sleeve, using a stapler. The rest of the stomach is then removed.
This procedure is a major event, because a patient must accommodate to restricted intake of food and the uncomfortable recovery.
Once recovery is complete, a new lifestyle must begin. It is vital to consume plenty of fluids and extra vitamin supplements, because the ability to absorb foods is compromised with stapling and removal of stomach tissue. Medications must be fine-tuned or changed to go along with new physical conditions.
Physical fitness is of primary importance. A program of increasing intensity and daily participation is essential for strength and fitness. A combination of both cardiovascular workouts and strength training is recommended. A fitness trainer can be very helpful.
Gastric balloon surgery
Gastric balloon surgery is less invasive than lap-band and gastric sleeve procedures. It offers a bridge between simple diet and exercise changes and serious surgery to reduce.
The balloon is placed in the stomach through the mouth via a tube. The balloon is then filled with a saline solution, and the tube removed. This is a one-day-only procedure.
It is important to realize that the intragastric balloon is a tool to assist weight loss, and must be utilized in conjunction with a new lifestyle, eating and exercise habits. In your follow-up consultation with a physician, you will be closely informed on health, exercise and nutritional needs.
The balloon will be left in place for six months with monthly monitoring. After the balloon is removed, bi-monthly monitoring for progress on your goals is required.
As with all surgical procedures and alterations, bariatric surgery and balloon placement carry some risks. It is important to remember that obesity carries substantial health risks that are almost certain to manifest themselves in time. Therefore, weight-loss assistance may be required.